Born in Burma in 1924, Anne
Carter now lives in Norfolk. War service and work as a Probation
Officer, Teacher and Guider has led to her fascination with
history, consequently she has written widely about people
Mrs Anne is a descendant of
the Garrad family here in Bures, spending some time at Brook
I have now written a book 'Bewitched
by Burma' telling the story of the Garrads in Burma during the first
half of the 20th century, when my father Charles Garrad, his brother
William and sister Fan (all born at Brook House, Bures where the
rest of the family lived) were Christian missionaries out there,
plus my mother Marjory The bulk of the book consists of extracts
from letters written to all the Miss Garrads at Bures by their brothers,
and from Aunt Fan's diaries, plus memories of my own (I was born
and spent my early childhood in Burma) and later those of my husband
who served there in the XIVth Army. Uncle Will
Garrad escaped to India by plane when the Japanese came but many
of his younger colleagues walked out, and there is an amazing and
exciting story of their bravery, taken from Rev. George Tidey's
notes of the 1940s.
There is rather a good review of
the book under 'Bewitched by Burma' in Amazon.co.uk.
It has been published by Troubador,
price £9.99, ISBN 9781780881710 and is fully illustrated with
|The Garrad family were well-to-do
farmers and tanners in Bures and neighbourhood throughout the 17th,
18th, 19th and 20th centuries.
They owned substantial land in Bures, Mount Bures and the surrounding
countryside. They were also involved with the Maltings, Brickmaking
as well as owning boats at Colchester.
They owned Brook House, Secretaries and the White House in Bures Hamlet.
Noteworthy Garrads who had
commercial interests within the village:-
|John Garar (1551-1617)
||The first known generation
of Garrads, Clothier in Bures.
|John Garrad (1584 -1655)
||Farmer in Bures and collector
of "Ship Money" for the district
|John Garrad (1615 -1641)
||Farmer in Bures, died
when he was only 26.
|John Garrad (1634 -1696)
||Tanner of Bures, a Free
Tenant of the Manor of Bures and called Yeoman.
|Edward Garrad (1679 -1739)
||Tanner of Bures, inherited
from his father.
|John Garrad (1705 -1743)
||Yeoman of Bures married
the Tannery from Edward. Lived in Secretaries previously owned by
the Gurdon family.
Moved to the Witham Tannery around 1768 and held 3 freehold properties
in Bures where he is buried.
Bures. Free tenant of Bures manor. His only son died young
|Robert Garrad ((1761 -1844)
||Farmer, purchased Secretaries
|Abraham Garrad (1766 -1801)
||Tanner, learnt the Tannery
trade from his father John before moving to the Witham tannery
|William Garrad (1764 -1816)
||Tanner, lived at the Bures
Tan Yard. Not married.
William Garrad became a partner in the Corn Merchants business known
as "Constable & Garrad" with Golding Constable of East
|Abraham Garrad (1789 -1867)
Tanner of Witham and Colchester
|John Garrad (1796 -1874)
1851 lived at Secretaries, Malster,
farmer, merchant and brickmaker employing 67 men. Of those, 8 were
employed on two sailing vessels based at the Hythe, Colchester, with
which he traded in bricks, malt, farm produce and coal.
1862 owned Bakers Hall, Butlers Farm, Ravensfield Farm, Pricketts
Hall Farm and Pudneys Farm. Malting and Tan buildings.
Brick Kilns in Alphamstone, Lamarsh and Bures Hamlet.
1838 purchased the White House from the Guardians of Sudbury Union.
1862 John Garrad owned Valley Farm, Hobbs Well, Brook House, Old House,
1870 John Garrad owned Elms Farm, Fullmans and Olivers(demolished)
1874 John Garrad purchased a parcel
of land for the school.
and farmer of 1,000 acres in Bures & neighbourhood. Lived
at Brook House. Blind from the age of 16 years
|John Garrad (1866 -1949)
Farmer and Malster. Lived at Brook
House, Bures. Owned the Maltings in Bures and one at the Hythe.
He was in partnership at Colchester trading as "Grimston &
Co" and as "Cross & Garrad". Took over Brook
House from his father in 1915. Died unmarried.
|George Garrad (1884 -
||Agricultural advisor to
the County of Kent. Lived at Brook House, Bures where he farmed after
the death of his elder brother John.
Made OBE in 1950.
He gave many generous gifts to the village and in recognition, the
extension to the Village Hall was named the "Garrad Room"
Brook House was finally sold out of the family in 1958 by auction.
John Constables GreatGrandmother,
Judith Golding was a member of a very old land owning family, The Goldings
of Cavendish and held the Lordship of the Manor of Kemsings, She passed
the manorial right in due course to her daughter Judith whose husband
John Constable held it.
The Garrad Family Tree eventually
leads to the founder of May and Baker the Chemists, now taken over by
Garrads lived at a large house
called "Secretaries" so called because of the legend when Queen
Elizabeth 1 visited Bures, her secretary stayed there. The Queen certainly
stayed in the village see:-
had very strong links with the Constable family.
1. John Garrad (1730 - 1788) married Ann Constable
(1732 - 1768).
2. The Garrads and the Constables were in partnership as Corn Merchants
at East Bergholt.
Judith Garrad (b.1708 daughter of Edward) married John Constable (1705-1777)
4. John Garrad (1796-1874) was in partnership in coal merchanting with
John Sidey Constable of Wormingford (1792-1867)
From 'John Constable's (Artist) Correspondence'
published by HMSO 1 862 by R.B. Beckett. P.60
Letter to John from his affectionate
mother Ann Constable dated 16 March 1811. "We have this week had
Mary & Ann Garrad from Bures with us - their kind [uncle] brought
them last Sunday & we expect their brother Abram to come for them
tomorrow - the weather has been favorable & they seem to have been
pleased & happy. They are very worthy good young people."
From same publication, page 50. "The Masons & two Miss Inglis
due here on Monday, & William Garrad & Nieces dined here last
From same publication, page 58. John from his mother, East Bergholt, March
6 1811, "the Garrads coming here on Sunday".
From same publication, page
72 "Your brother Abram thinks of going to Bures tomorrow - the
day fixed on for the Manoeuvres of the 'Light Fantastic Toe", amongst
the heavy heeled Garrads - but good nature is better than attitude for
every thing - & therein they excell". Letter to John from
his mother 10 Dec 1811).
From same publication, page 266. Letter from M.Whalley to her brother
John (Dedham Fri 16 Dec 1831. "Your good account of yourself Family
by Miss Jackson's parcel gave us so much pleasure - & the deal case
for Mary was forwarded the same evening by John Garrad."
From same publication, page
100. "William Garrad of Bures had been very ill", (Letter
from M. Whalley to her brother John from East Ham 15 Jan 1814).
From same publication, page 124. "We have proceeded very far with
his William Garrad's business & I think the next time he comes it
will be finally settled" (Letter from Abram Constable to his
brother John, East Bergholt April 9th 1815.)
From same publication, page 125. "Mr Garrad's business had been
gone into here & everything done that can be done till Mr Garrad arrives,
which is fix'd for the 10 May - this very day my father fix'd on in his
note to Mr G - but he is in London, I trust ( shall shortly see this business
settled finally." (Letter from Abram Constable to brother John
dated 26 Apr 1815, East. Bergholt.)
Notes from Anne Carter
George Garrad lived at Brook House (1885-1978). The Essex County Standard
reported on June 16th 1950 "Honours List. Mr George Garrad of Brook
House, Bures was awarded an O.B.E. in the King's Birthday Honours List
in recognition of his work for agriculture. For over 40 years he was County
Agricultural organiser for Kent and retired last January. He is now back
in his old home and is farming the land at Brook House, Bures in place
of his brother John who died in November 1949."
A 1957 newspaper cutting states
"105 YEARS SERVICE TO CHURCH. GARRAD FAMILY RECORD. A remarkable
record of service to Bures Church by the Garrads of Brook House was disclosed
by facts given at the annual Vestry meeting last Tuesday evening by Mr
George Garrad when he accepted the office of churchwarden at the age of
72. He told the meeting that his grandfather John was 24 when he became
churchwarden in 1820. He held the office for 53 years, during which time
the tenor bell was cast and the 7th bell was re-cast. His name appears
on both. When he died at 77, his son, Mr William Garrad (George's father)
succeeded to the office and was churchwarden for 41 years until 1915.
Although totally blind he was also honorary organist and choirmaster for
35 years. He resigned the churchwardenship when he was 81 to make way
for his eldest son John (George's brother) who held it for 11 years..."
For George's 90th birthday, a full peal
was rung at the church to celebrate the event and our family congregated
at Brook House for a special celebratory lunch.
George was still possibly a churchwarden (or church treasurer) when he
died in 1978 at the age of 93.
The Garrads had farmed in Bures since the
early 16th century, and had also been tanners and brickmakers, so it was
a long history. Brook House was auctioned by Olivers on 3 June 1978 by
direction of George Garrad's executors. The land had been sold a few years
Today in 2013, it is 35 years since the last Garrad (George) died at Bures,
Acknowledgment to Anne Carter
of Norwich for supplying this material.
Mrs Carter will carry out Genealogical research on the Garrad family for
a charitable donation.
Use the Contact page for details.