Bures:- its origin.
The most likely scenario seems to come from the time of William the Conqueror:-
Ref 1:- In an edition of "The
Falaise Roll" (men who were companions of William the Conqueror of
1066) it states:
***Michel de Bures Castle
Ref 2:-The Bowers of Iwerne House,
Dorset, claim descent from Michael de Bures, a contemporary of the Conquerors,
whose son Walter gave its present name of Bures to a small manor
he possessed near Calne in Wiltshire. This has long since disappeared.
Ref 3:-Pierre de BURES was viscount of Dieppe and Arques, during the war of 1173-74 (reign of Henry II). The family prevailed in England in the counties of Stafford, Somerset, Berks, Gloucester, and others (including Suffolk) and others for centuries, and the name BURES is mentioned on the rolls of The Battle of Hastings by Hollinshead and Duchesne. John Bures and Hawise Musegros had a daughter, Catherine Bures.
Ref 4:- Strange that the entire
parish (including the Essex part) was known as Bures St Mary, while the
church was dedicated to All Saints? A clue appears in a charter of 1071,
the earliest certain appearance of Bures in documented history. Signed
by William the Conqueror himself (located in the British Museum), the
charter refers to the Church of St Mary in Bures. Since, in the first
five years after the conquest, the Normans were far too busy consolidating
their power to build new churches, we can be certain that the Anglo-Saxon
church in Bures was dedicated to St Mary. The town therefore takes its
name from a much older church than our present day building.
These are other "Bures" communities
located in France:-
For other Bures variations click here
Other names used for Bures:-
Ref 1:- As far back as 893 AD we're told by Asser, that Edmund was consecrated as King at 'Burva', the royal seat at that time. No one actually knows for sure where this place was, but by long tradition - possibly dating back to the 12th century - 'Burva' has been identified with the village of Bures (St. Mary), on the river Stour south of Sudbury in Suffolk, which appears in Domesday Book as 'Bura'. An old hilltop chapel above the village is locally believed to be the site of Edmund's coronation, while there is a 'St. Edmund's Hill' a mile or so to the north.
Ref 2:- Edmund the Martyr, an East
Anglian king, lived from about 840 to November 20, 869 or 870AD.
Ref 4:- "Galfridus de Fontibus"
in 1156 describing the Death of Edmund, refers to the village as "Burum".
Ref 5:- Other documents during that
era refer to "BUERS"
Ref 6:-Trade tokens were not issued
by the government but by merchants, tradesmen and manufacturers, because
of a lack of small change coppers - pennies, halfpennies and farthings.
Ref 8:- Will
Dowsing who carried out so much damage to churches in 1693 wrote in his
Conclusion:- Certainly during the
mid 1600`s the name "BURES" seems to have been adopted
as the one we use today.
Interestingly the name Bures is
not confined to place names, it appears to be a very common name in Hungary,
Poland and Czechoslovakia (CZ) to
Searching the Polish Telephone Directory for the surname "Bures" lists numerous entries of that name today.
CANADA:- Some of the first settlers
of this family name or some of its variants, were 200 immigrants who arrived
from the Normandie area of France onto Canadian shores between 1600 and
USA:- According to their 1880 Census,
the majority of (Bures) immigrants were Farmers and Labourers.
CLICK HERE to look at the Ancestry.com forum on Bures.