Early in January 2017, I was contacted
by Hilton Cass from California, requesting any information on his
descendants, the Philbrick family
Hilton subsequently took a flight from California to Gatwick.
He spent two days in London researching his family history and then
travelled to Bures in an attempt to find where his descendants once
Hilton is a direct descendant of
Martha Philbrick, born 1631 in Bures
The Philbricks emigrated in 1630 on the
ship "Arabella", which was part of the Mayflower
At that time the family was known as Fylbrige or Filbrige and other derivations.
The Philbrick name seems to have emanated on the journey to New England
We can date back the Fylbrigge family in
Bures to 1522.
The "Muster Roll" of that date lists a Jeffrey Fylbrigge, Fuller
working in the village
However, Hilton was particularly interested to find information on Thomas
Fylbrigg (snr) and Thomas Filbrige/Philbrick (son)
(snr) , b.circa 1540 St Marys,Bures,Suffolk,England. Died Bures
1633, aged approx 93 years
Marriage 1574 St Marys,Bures,Suffolk, England to Elizabeth Philbrick
Thomas Philbrick Son was baptized
on 23 September 1584 in Bures St. Mary
Thomas Philbrick married Elizabeth Knopp,(b1594) daughter
of William Knopp and Elizabeth Reade, on 4 June 1615 in Bures,
Thomas and Elizabeth subsequently
travelled to America on the ship "Arabella"
in 1630 with their eight children
One of the children being Martha, the descendant of Hilton.
Leigh Alston our local historian, was
able to determine from the Court Rolls the family possibly lived along
Bridge Street and Colchester Rd,
One possible location on the right hand side of the road.
These have long since been demolished.
This land is now Bures Common
Typical workmens cottage along the Colchester Rd, but far too late
to be 16/17th century
Photo Courtesy of Leigh Alston
|Extract of Court
Thomas Fylbrige is listed as resident within the jurisdiction of Bures
Rectory Manor leet in 1584, which means he was somewhere in the middle
of the village, but unfortunately the name doesn't appear in any of
the Rectory rentals or the 1577 survey of Netherhall which covers
most of the High Street and Church Square.
Consequently he was probably in Bridge Street or the Colchester Road.
Thomas Filbrige was fined fourpence for not bothering to attend the
court (as he was supposed to given that he lived within its jurisdiction).
At the same court "The Jurors present that Richard Filbrige threw
fuligine, in English soote, into a public place [in commune placea
to the common nuisance ".
He must have been throwing his soot into a major thoroughfare for
this to be considered a nuisance.
Usually it's Bridge Street opposite the church, but there's no guarantee.
There are gaps in the courts, but by 1618 Thomas has become a chief
pledge - or at least a member of the tenants' homage, i.e. a juror,
and has clearly become more respectable as he's elected as one of
the court's two ale tasters responsible for monitoring the quality
In 1620 he's fined for not turning up again as Thomas senior -
Thomas Filbrick is one of the jurors charged with assessing the condition
of the town bridge, described as an upright and lawful man. His name
appears alongside a William Gosnall
There's an interesting 1631 reference to the increasingly common problem
of sub-dividing of houses into smaller tenements as the economy is
Thomas Filbrick was also in troubleas having arranged certain number
of their buildings into separate cottages within the precinct of this
leet against the form of statute &c.
Having seen the area in which his descendants
once lived, Hilton and myself then proceeded to visit other local sites
of interest, some having a direct connection to the Winthrop/Mayflower
The timetable was as follows:_
Morning:- Ferriers, Village centre including Church
Lunch was taken at the Assington Barn
Afternoon:- Smallbridge, Gt Bevills, Chapel Barn and Mount Bures
Bevills and its association with the Waldegraves
Home of the "French" family,
who also emigrated at the time of the Philbricks
Church and Motte
Hilton outside Smallbridge Hall
Hilton at Chapel Barn
Inside Chapel Barn
to follow on the Philbrick Geneaology when Hilton Cass returns home
More in depth information on the families
that travelled from Bures on the Winthrop Fleet can
be found here
Research of Court Rolls carried out by Leigh Alston, Chairman of Bures
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