OF THE REV ARTHUR HANBURY
Founder of the Bures Primary School.
Arthur has always
been perceived as just a humble village vicar, but in reality he
came from a wealthy family.
In today's era, the family were most probably multimillionaires.
Here I will detail briefly his family background.
Arthur Hanbury was born 1880 in Coggeshall, the son of
a wealthy landowner and banker family.
Hanbury(b1700) m Anna Osgood (b ? D1734)
One son Osgood
Hanbury(1732-1784) m Mary Lloyd
Occupation Tobacco Broker in London
Children which included John
John Osgood Hanbury (1765 - 1852)who married Susannah Barclay
(1769 - 1818) living at Holfield Grange, Coggeshall.
They had the following children: Osgood (1794), Robert (1796),
Henry(1798) Mary(1800), Arthur (1800)
Philip (1802), Rachel(1810), Ann(1811), Susan (1812) and Sampson(1813)
The two significant
children to follow are Arthur
and his brother Osgood
His brother Osgood Hanbury
Jnr (b1794 - 1873) later married Elenor Willtree Hall.
This union also gave rise to
yet another Osgood (1827 - 1882)
Here are a selection of Arthur`s
family business interests:-
From the press cutting (right) his great-grandfather John, was involved
in the slave trade.
Mrs Barnbard was his sister Ann Hanbury
They had also had interests in trading tobacco
The Hanburys were also bankers in Lombard Street, London
The origins of "Barnetts,
Hoares, Hanbury & Lloyd" date back to 1728.
Osgood Hanbury(b1794) on the electoral Roll, was recorded as living
at the bank in 1834.
Osgood Hanbury (b1794) of Coggeshall and Osgood Hanbury Jnr (b1827)
of Howe Hatch near Brentwood were both Directors as recorded in
The Bank was subsequently taken over by Lloyds in 1884
Arthurs Grandfather (b1732) was married
to a Mary Lloyd - was she part of the Lloyds Banking family
Truman, Hanbury and Buxton
were brewers and owners of many public houses in the south east of England.
Truman, Hanbury, Buxton & Company Limited was a London brewer with
records stretching back as far as 1666.
Until circa 1970 Truman Hanbury and Buxton operated a Brewery and Bottling
plant at West Bergholt .
Their interest also extended to the Maltings
located beside the Railway Station in Bures. In its latter years it supplied
the malt to the West Bergholt works.
All three families were related to each
other by marriage.
The Manor of Mount Bures
Mary and Edward Cressener sold
the Manor which included the Mount Bures Hall and Fen House in 1750 to
John Hanbury (b1700). The Hanburys owned considerable property in Bures
St Mary including The Mill.
John Osgood Hanbury (b1765) eventually sold the Manor to Abraham Newman
Osgood Hanbury (Grandfather) was also mentioned in this notice from an
For bargain and sale of Great Ropers, Bures St. Mary, and lands in
Nayland, by Philip Bennet, Esq. to Osgood Hanbury, Esq., 1763;
Osgood Hanbury, Arthurs father owned 495 acres of land in Bures, the largest
landowner in the community.
Osgood owned "Bures Hall" now Nether Hall down by The Mill
Returning now to Arthur, who was to follow
a more frugal life.
Arthur attended Trinity College Cambridge.
After he obtained his BA he was ordained
by the Lord Bishop in Norwich Cathedral on June 8th 1827
He remains at Norwich for a few months before being posted to Bures
to become Vicar in 1828
Extract from the "Christian Review
On 13th August 1829 he married Jessie
Scott (b 1801 d1864) daughter of Archibald Scott
The marriage records show they married in St Mary`s, Marylebone, London
Not in Bures !
This union led to the birth of six children:-
Arthur (b1830), Walter George(b1835),
Archibald (b1832), Hubert Henry (b1839), Jessie
(1) Arthur Jnr was born on 20th Dec
1830 and later became Curate of St Mary`s at Bures
(2)Hubert also followed in his fathers footsteps to become Curate
of St Paul in Brighton
(3)Walter married Elizabeth Lempriere
(4) Jessie no trace
(5) Archibald no trace
(6) Mary married Rev Philip Gurdon
in 1859, the Gurdon family were heavily involved in the churches
at Assington, Bures and Mount Bures.
One family member owned Assington Hall
The 1861 Census show them both living at the Vicarage with Philip
as curate at St Marys, Bures
Mary unfortunately died by 1869
Marriage Certificate Signatures
Immediately becoming Vicar he sought provision
for the local children schooling.
Now as we all know he was the founder member
of the current Primary School which opened in 1840. Now we can see how
his family connections placed him in a perfect position, to obtain the
parcel of land on which our current school stands.
Interesting if you read the Indenture (Trust
Deed 1839) concerning the parcel of land which was sold for the Present
It reads :- This indenture made between Osgood Hanbury of Hotfield
Grange Coggeshall in the County Of Essex on the one part and Osgood Hanbury
of Lombard Street, London, The Rev Arthur Hanbury, Vicar of Bures St Mary
with Bures Hamlet, John Garrad of Bures St Mary Malster, John Boggis of
the same place Farmer and Grimmard Wood of the same place Farmer
( the latter three all churchwardens)
Also it reads
All that piece of parcel of land or ground lying and being in the parish
of Bures St Mary aforesaid abutting north and south east of lands of the
said Osgood Hanbury and south west leading from Bures to Nayland upon
lands held by Thomas Scowan.
Land was held by Osgood Hanbury and Thomas Scowan,
For the price of £1.00
...........containing a measurement of
16 rods or thereabouts upon which said piece of land or ground thereof
a school house which has lately been erected and built and is more particularly
described by the plan.............
So the School House was already
built in 1838, the date of this indenture.
Consequently Arthur Hanbury acquired the
school building land for the price of £1 through his Father, Osgood
Snr and brother Osgood Jnr
Arthur also published a book in 1833, "A
Sermon Preached in the Parish Church of St. Peter, Sudbury, in the County
of Suffolk, at the Annual Visitation of the Venerable the Archdeacon of
Sudbury, on Wednesday 8th May 1933"
Publisher G.W. Fulcher.
Length 22 pages
Arthur Hanbury died in 1888, but at his
funeral mention was made of his involvement with Education for the past
This figure would take us back to 1928, the very year he arrived in the
village and some 14 years before the opening of Bures Primary School.
Presumably Arthur had been involved with schooling possibly within the
confines of the St Marys Church..
Family bible given by the Rev A Hanbury
to my Great Grandfather
My Great Grandfather was John Howard son
of Edward Howard and Sarah born at Rowhedge about 1834.
The family moved to Bures from Lamash between 1841-51 and resided at 26
Water Lane. John and his father Edward
both worked as maltster's labourers and John would have been about 16
at that time.
John was married in 1854 to Emma Boggis daughter of Edward and Harriet
at Bures St Mary
They lived at 23 Brook Street, Bures.
All the children listed at the back, including my
Grandfather Charlie Frank b1875.
When looking at the handwriting in front and rear they 'could' be the
same person as John Howard made his mark on his wedding certificate.
My Grandfather was a very religious man and I can only assume he took
after his father.
In what connection and with no date which is really frustrating I really
cannot say, But John and the Rev Hanbury must have
known each other very well.
I have attached also the wedding details of John Howard:-
John Howard (age 20) married 29th September
1854 to Emma Boggis ( age 20)
at Bures Parish Church
Edward Howard labourer father of John
Edward Boggis labourer father of Emma
John presumably couldnt write as he left his mark (X) on the marriage
Acknowledgment to Pat Yates from
Cambridge, July 2013 for kindly donating this information
Researched by Alan Beales
Taken from Ancestry,co,uk and various web sources
Trinity College, Cambridge records