This small extract taken from "The
History of Bures" by W.G.C.Probert.
Ferriers and the Pelham family
This is a very brief synopsis of the Pelham
family as many books have been written on the subject.
One of the most notable occupant of
Ferriers was Herbert Pelham (1600 -1674) and Jemima Waldegrave
Herbert Pelham Esq., was born in 1600 at Boston. Lincs
He was son and heir of Herbert Pelham, Esq., (1580-1624) and Penelope
Herbert (aged 26) married by license dated
13 Oct. 1626, Jemima Waldegrave (aged 20) , 2nd daughter of Thomas Waldegrave,
Esq. and Margaret Holmstead of Smallbridge Hall.
Herbert and Jemima had 5 children
1 Waldegrave Pelham, eldest son
of Herbert Pelham, was baptised at Bures 26thSept., 1627. He was admitted
to the Inner Temple in 1647, and married Abagail, daughter of Thomas Glassock,
of Heding ham, Sible, Essex. They lived at a house called Ferriers, near
Bures, town in Essex. Abigail was buried at Bures in 1698 and Waldegrave
in 1699. Letters to administer his estate were granted to his brother,
Admitted to the inner Temple in 1647 ( aged only 20) and married Abigail
Glascock of Sible Hedingham
Waldegrave Pelham 1st b1667 died in infancy
Penelope (Howard) Pelham b1676 unmarried, renounced administration of
her fathers estate.
Waldegrave Pelham 2nd b 1670 d1703
Margaret Pelham, also renounced Administration of her fathers estate,
then later married as Margaret Jenison
Herbert Pelham d 1746 married Sarah ***
Jemima Pelham unmarried d1741
Abigail, Elizabeth and Mary all died in infancy
who married Sarah had six children ***
Herbert b1707 d 1729
William Byatt b1709
Nathaniel b 1713 d1736
Elizabeth bap 1716
2. Nathaniel (baptized Feb. 1631/2), d. 1657; was part of Harvard's
class of 1651.
Documents record in Nov. 1657 he sailed for England in "Mr [James]
Garretts ship which had aboard her a very rich lading of goods, but most
especially of passengers, about fifty in number.
3 Jemima (b ? m.1654 Rev. Samuel
Kem, rector at Albury near Oxford, m. by Jacob Roswell, JP, in Trinity
Parish, London, d. by 1657 & buried at Bures.
4. Katherine (b. before 1638) married
and lived as Katherine Clark, but no husband listed Lived in England.
1. Elizabeth Harlakenden (b. c. 1636), m. Guthlach Tolliot, is mentioned
in Herbert Pelhams 's will as living in England (ref ii)
2. Margaret Harlekenden (b. 1638), d. early?
5 Penelope - see text below
Herbert Pelham, found
himself increasingly dissatisfied with the High Church Proclivities of
the government and so he took the enormous step to emigrate, offerering
passage to any villagers who wished to join him.
Another reason for this decision would
have been that Herbert invested in the Winthrop project with his father-in-law
The Winthrop project formed part of the Mayflower/Pilgrim Fathers emigration
to the New World
Herbert Pelham and Thomas Waldegrave, were among the "Adventurers,"
or founding investors, of the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1630.
During 1638, Herbert, Jemima and his children
emigrated (ref i) to New England, where they settled at Cambridge, Massachusetts."
The normal time for this grueling journey would have been 66 days
Sadly his wife Jemima died in the same
year, possibly during the journey or shortly after arriving on land.
Herbert subsequently bought a house in Cambridge, which had by then about
60 houses, as well as a meetinghouse, a market and a college (Harvard).
It seems within a few months of arriving. Herbert soon married a young
widow Elizabeth Bosville (1617-1659), daughter Godfey Bosville
of Yorkshire and widow of Lt Col Roger Harlakenden, Esq. ( previously
of Earls Colne)
Roger Harlackenden left behind two small daughters (Elizabeth and Margaret),
and the entire family moved into Elizabeth's larger house, where more
children were born (ref ii)
Herbert Pelham, a lawyer and aristocrat,
became the first treasurer of Harvard College in 1643.
He returned to England in the ship "Supply"
on 9 Nov. 1646, and lived at Ferriers, Bures.
In 1654 he represented Essex in Cromwell's Puritan Parliament.
It appears from local records that Herbert made plans to return to Cambridge,
but that never materialized as he remained in the UK until his death.
Herbert lived out his days at Ferriers, aged 77 he passed and buried at
Bures, Essex 1 July 1674.
His wife Elizabeth died in Bures August 25, 1659
Herbert and Elizabeth Bosville
his second wife had the following children ( questionable listing)
Oct 1645, Cambridge, MA , bur. 2 Jan 1646, Cambridge, MA
(b)Edward, b 1652 inherited Ferriers
from Waldegrave Lived in Boston d 1730
(c)Mary, born Nov. 12, 1640, lived
in Essex died unmarried.
Mary PELHAM, b. 12 Nov 1640, Cambridge, MA
(d)Frances (wife of Jeremiah Stonnard),
b.9 Nov 1643, Cambridge, MA .
(e)Anne. B1646 -1651 unmarried
(f)Henry :- b 1656 appeared to have
been buried at Bures in the latter part of 1699 and his wife Elizabeth
took out letters of administration to his estate 10th June 1700
(g) William born
about 1654, he must have been born at Bures as Herbert and Elizabeth returned
home in 1646
Elizabeth Died aged 42 in Bures 1659
Herbert Died aged 74 in Bures 1674
The Pelhams also had close links with the Winslow family:-
In one of Penelopes letters to John Winthrop, Governor of Massachusetts
Bay she called Edward Winslow "my cosen"
Also Herbert in 1647 wries to John Winthrop
and finishes the correspondence with "Your loving Cousin"
This indicates that both the Pelham (Bures)
and Winslow(Groton, Suffolk) families were known to each other.
PENELOPE PELHAM (ref: iii)
Born to Herbert and Jemima at Ferriers
Emigrated with her Parents to the New World in 1639
And at some point Penelope met Josiah Winslow.
Josiah, born in 1629 in Marshfield was the oldest surviving child of Edward
and Susanna White Winslow (both Mayflower passengers). He attended Harvard
in the late 1640s. If he had visited the College earlier with his father,
he just might have met the very young Penelope, but this is pure conjecture
In 1651, Josiah went to England. At that
time he had not seen his father, who upon his arrival in England in 1646
had accepted a position in the government of Oliver Cromwell, for more
than 4 years.
However it was, and whenever it was, that
Josiah Winslow and Penelope Pelham first met, it seems likely that they
married in 1651
Penelope's children - a daughter and son
who died as infants along with surviving daughter Elizabeth and son Isaac
Josiah became Governor of Plymouth Colony from 1673 to 1680. He was then
described as "the most accomplished man in New England"
Josiah died in 1680. He named Penelope,
then 47 years old, as his executrix. Penelope had silversmith John Coney
of Boston make a mourning ring with a lock of Josiah's hair.
Penelope continued to live at Careswell,
raising 16-year-old Elizabeth and 11-year-old Isaac and running the estate.
Her daughter married in 1684.
Isaac went to Harvard, became a judge and President of the Council of
Massachusetts Bay. He built a new home in 1699 for himself and his mother.
The following year, he brought home a bride, Sarah Wensley.
Penelope died in 1703, age 70. Isaac's
daughter, born the following year, was named in her honour.
Portrait of Penelope
Memorial in Marshfield,
Edward Winslow and his wife Susanna
Josiah Winslow and his wife Penelope
Penelope seems to have had some trouble with her brothers Edward and Waldegrave
with regard to the way they tried to usurp land belonging to her. Attached
is a recent issue of the Mayflower Quarterly with an article by Rebecca
Fraser about Penelope's legal problems with Waldegrave--and her father--regarding
property deeded to her by her grandfather Thomas Waldegrave that wasn't
distributed. And in 1703--shortly before she died--Penelope filed a petition
in Massachusetts arguing against Edward's claim to land he had no right
to. (He claimed 400 acres that had been deeded to their father--which
by law should have been split with Penelope--as well as 400 acres that
had been deeded to Thomas Waldegrave, to which he was not entitled because
he was of no relation.)
Courtesy of Michelle Coughlin, Boston
Lt Col Roger Harlackenden
Lt. Col. Roger Harlackenden, Esq. was christened
on 1 October 1611 at Earl's Colne, Essex, England.
He married Elizabeth Bosville, daughter of Col. Godfrey Bosvile, Esq.,
Justice of the Peace and Margaret Greville, on 4 June 1635 at Earl's Colne,
They had 2 daughters:
1. Elizabeth, wife of Guthlake Foliott
Lt. Col. Roger Harlackenden, Esq. and his sister Mabel Harlackenden (aged
21) emigrated on 10 August 1635; On the ship Defence to New England
He died on 17 November 1638 at Cambridge, Middlesex, MA, at age 27; died
Relationship between Harlackenden and
the current Probert Family (ref
The whole estate of Earls Colne was given to Aubrey de Vere by William
the Conqueror. His grandson Aubrey de Vere III became the first Earl
of Oxford in the mid-twelfth century.
The Earls had an ancient mansion called Hall Place standing near the site
of the present Ashwells in Park Lane.
Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford mismanaged his finances and in 1583
the estate, then comprising the manor and park of seven hundred acres,
were purchased from him by his steward Richard Harlackenden
In 1787 the manors passed to Anne Holgate (d. 1817) and her husband Thomas
Carwardine (d. 1824
They were succeeded by their sons Henry Holgate Carwardine. (d. 1867)
and J. B. Carwardine (d. 1871) and by J. B. Carwardine's son John.
After John's death in 1889 the manors of Earls Colne and Colne Priory
were separated. Earls Colne passed to John's son F. H. Carwardine (d.
1910) and daughter Florence Mary, who married J. H. W. Keeling;
Colne Priory passed to W. R. Probert, son
of Henry Holgate and J. Carwardine's sister Anne and her husband Thomas
Mrs. Keeling was still lady of Earls Colne manor in 1937, when the last
copyholds had been enfranchised and manorial rights extinguished.
W. R. Probert was succeeded at Colne Priory by his son W. G. Carwardine
Probert who sold the manor 1935.
The 18th c descendants of the Harlackendens' at Earls Colne were Carwardines
who twice married the Proberts & Richard Probert (dec) inherited both
Geoffrey Probert his son, still carry the Carwardine middle name.
Children of Geoffrey Thomas Carwardine
Probert and Penelope Anne Bevan
Thomas Henry Carwardine Probert b. 1985
Rebecca Mary Probert b. 1988
Isobel Loveday Probert b. 1991
Jack Michael Harlackenden Probert b. 1993
Memorials inside St Mary`s Parish
These can be found directly opposite the main entrance door embedded
in the floor
Here lies the remains of Mr Herbert
Pelham, second son of Waldegrave Pelham and Abigail his wife, late
of Bures Hamlet.
At his left hand lye the remains
of Mrs Sarah Pelham his wife and daughter of Mr William Byatt and
Frances his wife late of Bures St Mary
HP died March 8th (?)in the year
of our Lord 1746, aged 77
SP dies November 7th in the year of our Lord 1748 aged 69
They had 7 children
To die is Gain. Phil ?.21
Note:- although Herbert died on the
1st March 1746, his burial is recorded
as being on 1st July 1746
(ii) Earls Colne Priory History
(iii) Ref :- Genealogy Edward Winslow
The name Harlackenden and Harlakenden seems to have variations in its
Acknowledgment to Michelle Coughlin
from Boston, USA for her valuable contribution
updated 18/02/2017 with acknowledgment to
Hilton Cass from California